The International Space University
The Cork Institute of Technology
Irish companies are today building hardware and software for the space industry … and for where we go tomorrow …
In 1845 the 3rd Earl of Rosse built the largest telescope in the world and discovered the spiral nature of galaxies at the family demesne in Birr, Co. Offaly. He referred to the spiral galaxy now named M51 as an “island universe”, one of the strongest references to the scale of the universe up to that time.
In 1967 Derry-born Jocelyn Bell-Burnell discovered Pulsars, neutron stars that rotate hundreds of times every second. Neutron stars, which are composed only of neutrons, are so dense that on Earth, one teaspoonful would weigh a billion tons!
“Five thousand years ago, settlers in Ireland were looking up to the stars. They built a monument so finely constructed that it aligns to the Sun’s rays only around the winter solstice. Newgrange is the oldest, unequivocally-aligned astronomical structure.
In 1843 William Rowan Hamilton discovered Quaternions at Dunsink Observatory - the complex maths that help us to better control the spatial orientations of spacecraft.
In 1848 Belfast-born Lord Kelvin proposed an absolute zero temperature, a temperature below which it is not possible to go, and invented the Kelvin temperature scale.
Three thousand years ago, we developed Ogham symbols, one of the first ever alphabets. It is an early Medieval alphabet used to write the early Irish language, consisting of twenty characters. The Ogham here reads “space studies”.
Irish physicist George Johnstone Stoney coined the term for the fundamental unit of negative charge 'electron' in 1891.